Section 2: Colonization


Section 2 will examine the role of colonization and how it continues to affect Indigenous Peoples in Canada and define the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people today.


In Section 2, you will learn about:

  • Colonization
  • Treaties
  • Laws and Acts of Parliament
  • The Reserve System
  • Residential Schools
  • Truth and Reconciliation

It should take you up to three hours to complete Section 2, including watching the recommended videos. Please complete the Locate Yourself activity and the Knowledge Check first.


Activity 1: Locate Yourself (10 min)

Reflect on the following questions.

  1. Have you ever experienced being stereotyped or discriminated against?
  2. If yes, what were the short-term consequences? What were the long-term consequences?

Knowledge Check

Answer the questions below as a way to assess your understanding of decolonization and reconciliation.

Note: If you not using the online version of the Foundations Guide, you can find the Knowledge Check questions and answers in Appendix A.

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