Glossary of Terms

authentic resources: historical or contemporary texts that are created by or with substantial contributions of Indigenous Peoples, address themes and issues of importance within Indigenous cultures, and incorporate Indigenous storytelling techniques and features (adapted from First Nations Education Steering Committee and First Nations Schools Association, 2016).

Indigenization: a relational and collaborative process that involves various levels of transformation, from inclusion and integration to infusion of Indigenous perspectives and approaches in education.

Positionality: “the notion that personal values, views, and location in time and space influence how one understands the world. In this context, gender, race, class, and other aspects of identities are indicators of social and spatial positions and are not fixed, given qualities. Positions act on the knowledge a person has about things, both material and abstract. Consequently, knowledge is the product of a specific position that reflects particular places and spaces.” (Sanchez, 2010)